Publication ethics and acknowledgement of mistakes
The following text covers standard ethical behaviour of all actors involved in publishing articles in the journal Ortopedia from the company Mladá fronta a.s.: the author, editor, editorial board, reviewer, and publishers. These guidelines are based on the company Elsevier’s existing policies and the document „The Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors” from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Responsibilities of the publisher and editorial board
Final decision to publish an article, reviewers‘ obligations:
The editorial board decides on the potential publication of selected articles based on the findings of two independent and double blind reviews. The goal of the anonymous reviews is to improve the professional quality of the publications. The editor of the journal is responsible for deciding which of the accepted articles are published in each of the year’s volumes. They can consult their decision with the editing board or with the reviewers. The editor is responsible for following legislation that prevents copyright violations, plagiarism and other serious misconduct.
The editor and reviewers evaluate the manuscript based on its professional content regardless of the ethnic origin, race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, citizenship, or philosophy of the author or authors (fair play). The editor nor any member of the editing board are not allowed to reveal any information on accepted manuscripts to anyone other than the author or authors of the accepted manuscript, the reviewers, and the publishers.
A reviewer that feels that they do not have enough professional knowledge in order to accurately review an article should tell this to the editor and excuse themselves from the review process. This also goes for cases of potential conflict of interest. Reviewers should not evaluate a manuscript in which there is a conflict of interest based on competition between the reviewer and the author or authors, if the article was created in collaboration with the reviewer, or the existence of any other relationship or connection with the author or authors, company, or institution linked to the article.
Reviews must be conducted objectively, without personal criticism of the authors. Opinions of the reviewer should be justified with rational arguments and clearly expressed in the review form. Information and ideas gained through the review must be kept confidential and not be used for personal benefit.
Responsibilities of the Author
Authorship of articles:
The author and co-authors should be individuals who significantly contributed to the design, performance or interpretation of the study or article in question. It is the responsibility of the author that all co-authors are listed in the article after approval of the final version.
Significance of articles:
The article to be published must include an accurate record of the presented work as well as an objective discussion of its importance. A fundamental condition for the publication of clinical and experimental research is that the procedures used comply with the ethical principles of the Helsinki Declaration, confirmed by an approval from the ethics committee which oversaw the article. Similar rules apply to research involving animal experimentation. It is totally unacceptable to include the names of the patients, their initials, birth numbers and any other designations on any additional materials which supplement the article itself. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are unethical and will not be accepted by the reviewing board.
Originality of articles:
The editorial board only accepts original works that have not been published in or submitted to any other magazine. The author should accurately cite sources (works or statements of other authors) from which they garnered information, and which are relevant to understanding and explaining their own publication. Information obtained through discussion, conversation, or correspondence with a third party may not be published without the written permission of the source. In the case of using pictorial documentation published in another publication, it is necessary to acknowledge the original source and to provide written consent from the party with the publishing rights. The author should not publish a manuscript describing the same research in more than one journal. This would be considered unethical publishing behaviour. Plagiarism, in all its forms, represents unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. A declaration of originality, as well as consent to the publication of the work, should be submitted to the editor by the author when submitting the manuscript for publication.
Conflicts of interest:
Authors must declare any conflicts of interest (in particular in cases of financial support) that might give rise to the suspicion that their work could be affected.
Serious publishing errors:
If the author discovers any errors or inaccuracies in his or her article during the review and publication process, he or she is obliged to inform the editor of the journal immediately and to personally rectify the problem (correction of the article, withdraw the article from publication).